What is capital of oman

what is capital of oman

Muscat, Oman – Why I Hated It and Will Never Go Back

Oman Facts, Facts about Oman capital city, currency. Muscat, Arabic Masqa?, town, capital of Oman, located on the Gulf of Oman coast. The town long gave its name to the country, which was called Muscat and Oman until

It is the seat of the Governorate of Muscat. A regional military power in the 18th century, Muscat's influence extended as far as East Africa and Zanzibar. As an important port-town in the Gulf of OmanMuscat attracted foreign tradesmen and settlers such as the Persians and the Balochis. Since the ascension of Qaboos bin Said as Sultan of Oman inMuscat has experienced rapid infrastructural development that has led to the growth of a what is capital of oman economy and a multi-ethnic society.

Low-lying white buildings typify most of Muscat's urban landscape, while the port-district of Muttrahwith its corniche and harbour, form the north-eastern periphery of the city.

Muscat's economy is dominated by trade, petroleum, liquified natural gas and porting. The origin of the word Muscat is disputed. Some authors claim that the word has Arabic origins — from moschameaning an inflated hide or skin. An inhabitant is a MuscatterMuscatianMuscatite or Muscatan. In AD the capital was transferred from Rustaq to Muscat. Founded years ago and famous for its historical role, it is an oasis of greenery, cleanliness and order, characterized by a modern road network and advanced organized services.

Evidence of communal activity in the area how to help people with addictions Muscat dates back to the 6th millennium BCE in Ras al-Hamra, where burial sites of fishermen have been found. The graves appear to be well formed and indicate the existence of burial rituals. South of Muscat, remnants of Harappan pottery indicate some level of contact with the Indus Valley Civilisation.

The port fell to a Sassanid invasion in the 3rd century CE, under what is capital of oman rule of Shapur I[16] while conversion to Islam occurred during the 7th century.

Muscat's importance as a trading port how to reset la crosse weather station to grow in the centuries that followed, under the influence of the Azd dynastya local tribe.

The establishment of the First Imamate in the 9th century was the first step in consolidating disparate Omani tribal factions under the banner of an Ibadi state. However, tribal skirmishes continued, allowing the Abbasids of Baghdad to conquer Oman. The Abbasids occupied the region until the 11th century, when they were driven out by the local Yahmad tribe. Power over Oman shifted from the Yahmad tribe to the Azdi Nabahinah clan, during whose rule, the people of coastal ports such as Muscat prospered from maritime trade and close alliances with the Indian subcontinentat the what happened to toni gonzaga of the alienation of the people of the interior of Oman.

The Portuguese admiral Afonso de Albuquerque sailed to Muscat inin an attempt to establish trade relations. As he approached the harbor, his ships were fired on. He then decided to conquer Muscat. Most of the city burned to the ground during and after the fighting. The Portuguese maintained a hold on Muscat for over a century, despite challenges from Persia and a bombardment of the town by the Ottoman Turks in The election of Nasir bin Murshid Al-Ya'rubi as Imam of Oman in changed the balance of power again in the region, from the Persians and the Portuguese to local Omanis.

Among the most important casteles and forts in Muscat Al-Jalali and Al-Mirani is the most prominent thing left by the portuguese. On August 16, the Imam dispatched an army to Muscat, which captured and demolished the high towers of the Portuguese, weakening their grip over the town. Decisively, ina small but determined body of the Imam's troops attacked the port at night, forcing an eventual Portuguese surrender on January 23, Muscat's naval and military supremacy was re-established in the 19th century by Said bin Sultanwho signed a treaty with What is chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis. Muscat and Muttrah were attacked by tribes from the interior in and again in However, conflicts among the disparate tribes of the interior, and with the Sultan of Muscat and Oman continued into the s, and eventually escalated into the Dhofar Rebellion The rebellion forced the Sultan Said bin Taimur to seek the assistance of the British in quelling the uprisings from the interior.

The failed assassination attempt of April 26, on Said bin Taimur led to the further isolation of the Sultan, who had moved his residence from Muscat to Salalahamidst the civilian armed conflict.

With the assistance of the British, Qaboos bin Said put an end to the Dhofar uprising and consolidated disparate tribal territories. He renamed the country the Sultanate of Oman called Muscat and Oman hithertoin an attempt to end to the interior's isolation from Muscat. Qaboos enlisted the services of capable Omanis to fill positions in his new government, [24] drawing from such corporations as Petroleum Development Oman PDO.

New ministries for social services such as health and education were established. Similarly, a new international airport was developed in Muscat's Seeb district.

A complex of offices, warehouses, shops and homes transformed the old village of Ruwi in Muttrah into a commercial district. On June 6,Cyclone Gonu hit Muscat causing extensive damage to property, infrastructure and commercial activity. Early photographs of the city and harbor, taken in the early 20th century by German explorer and photographer, Hermann Burchardtare now held at the Ethnological Museum of Berlin.

Muscat is located in northeast Oman. The Tropic of Cancer how to upload pictures in google plus south of the area.

The interior plains of Ad Dakhiliyah Region border Muscat to the south, while the Gulf of Oman forms the northern and western periphery of the city. The water along the coast of Muscat runs deep, forming two natural harboursin Muttrah and Muscat.

The Central Hajar Mountains [27] [28] run through the northern coastline of the city. Volcanic rockspredominantly serpentinite and diorite are apparent in the Muscat area and extend along the Gulf of Oman coast for ten or twelve 16 kilometres 9. These igneous rocks consists of serpentinitegreenstoneand basalttypical of rocks in southeastern regions of the Arabian Peninsula.

South of Muscat, the volcanic rock strata are broken up and distorted, rising to a maximum height of 6, feet 1, m in Al-Dakhiliyaha region which includes Jebel Akhdarthe country's highest range. The hills in Muscat are mostly devoid of vegetation but are rich in iron. The halophytic sabkha type desert vegetation is predominant in Muscat.

Coral reefs are common in Muscat. Acropora reefs exist in the sheltered bays of the satellite towns how to make garlic bread with texas toast Jussah and Khairan. Crabs and spiny crayfish are found in the waters of the Muscat area, as are sardines and bonito. The Sultan Qaboos Street forms the main artery of Muscat, running west-to-east through the city.

Muttrahwith the Muscat Harbour, Cornicheand Mina Qaboosis located in the north-eastern coastline of the city, adjacent to the Gulf of Oman. Annual rainfall in Muscat is about 10 cm 4 infalling mostly from December to April. In general, precipitation is scarce in Muscat, with several months on average seeing only a trace of rainfall. However, in recent years, heavy precipitation events from tropical systems originating in the Arabian Sea have affected the city.

Cyclone Gonu how long does it take to lose 50 pounds June and Cyclone Phet in June affected the city with damaging winds and rainfall amounts exceeding mm 4 in in how to open mp4 video file a single day. Muscat's economy, like that of Oman, is dominated by trade. The more traditional exports of the city included datesmother of pearland fish.

Many of the souks of Muttrah sell these items and traditional Omani artefacts. Petroleum Development Oman PDO has been central to Muscat's economy since at least and is the country's second largest employer, after the government. The Muscat Securities Market is the principal stock exchange of Oman. It is located in Central Business District of Muscat and it was established inand has since distinguished itself as a pioneer among its regional peers in terms of transparency and disclosure regulations and requirements.

Mina'a Sultan Qaboos, Muscat's main trading port, is a trading hub between the Persian Gulfthe Indian subcontinent and the Far East with an annual volume of about 1. However, the emergence of the Jebel Ali Free Zone in neighboring DubaiUnited Arab Emirateshas made that port the premier maritime trading port of the region with about 44 million tons traded in cargo annually. Many infrastructural facilities are owned and operated by the government of Oman.

Omantel is the major telecommunications organization in Oman and provides local, long-distance and international dialing facilities and operates as the country's only ISP. Recent liberalization of the mobile telephone market has seen the establishment of a second provider, Ooredoo. Muscat is home to multibillion-dollar conglomerate CK Industries with their headquarters located in Ruwi.

Mohammed Ali. According to the census conducted by the Oman Ministry of National Economy, the population of Muscat is over , which includedmales andfemales. Of the wilayatsSeeb, located in the western section of the governorate, was the most populous with overresidentswhile Muttrah had the highest number of expatriates with overThe defense sector was the largest employer for Omanis, while construction, wholesale and retail trade employed the largest number of expatriates.

The ethnic makeup of Muscat has historically been influenced by people not native to the Arabian Peninsula. British Parliamentary papers dating back to the 19th century indicate the presence of a significant Hindu Gujarati merchants in the city [41] Indeed, four Hindu temples existed in Muscat ca.

Missionary activity by the Assyrians of the Church of the East resulted in a significant Christian population living in the region, with a bishop being attested by AD under the Metropolitan of Fars and Arabia.

The rise of Islam saw the Syriac and Arabic-speaking Christian population eventually disappear. It is thought to have been brought back in by the Portuguese in Like the rest of Oman, Arabic is the predominant language of the city. Islam is the predominant religion in the city, with most followers being Ibadi Muslims.

Non-Muslims are allowed to practice their religion, but may not proselytize publicly or distribute religious literature. A few Shi'ite mosques also exist here. Muscat has a number of museums. Recent projects include an opera house which opened on October 14, One of the most notable new projects is the Oman National Museum. It is expected to be an architectural jewel along with the Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque.

Visitors are also encouraged [ who? The main shopping district is situated in Al Qurum Commercial Area. However, shopping malls are spread out throughout the city. The second largest mall is in Seebnear the international airport, called City Centre Muscathousing all major international brands and the largest Carrefour hypermarket.

Two new megamalls opened recently [ when? Sultan Qaboos Port serves as one of the most important ports of Muscat Governoratewhich is well known for being sailing of many commercial ships and boats. Here also, the traditional boats of Arabian Peninsula named Dhows can be also seen. This port since many centuries have been a main commercial and financial centre in terms of its international maritime trade. The Muscat area is well serviced by paved roads and dual-carriageway connects most major cities and towns in the country.

What Is the Capital of Oman?

Nov 08,  · What is the capital of Oman? Muscat – capital city of Oman The capital city of Oman, Muscat has been an important trading port since the 1st century, connecting the east and west. The capital of Oman is Muscat, which was founded 19th century. Muscat has been the capital since Muscat is the largest city in Oman and Houses the Parliament Muscat is located at ° N, ° E at an elevation of 59'. Apr 16,  · Oman’s lush northern coast lies between the sea and inland mountains. This verdant, fertile region is known for its grapes and other produce, as is the Dhofar region in the country’s south. The capital, Muscat, lies along the northern coast.

Last fall, I met an Omani man at my guest house in Delhi, India. When he learned I was a travel writer, he began to gush about Oman. It is so beautiful. Muscat is gorgeous and people are so friendly. I added Oman to a list of Middle Eastern countries to visit this spring.

A walk along the Corniche passes between this rocky promontory and the giant incense burner perched on the producer of Frankincense. My first inkling that Oman might not be all that I hoped came a few minutes later.

The driver of the taxi who met me at the airport started asking what I wanted to do in Muscat. As a photographer, I often need to wait for the right light, or for crowds to clear in order to get the best shot. As a writer, I must be able to roam at my own pace, soaking up the atmosphere, talking to locals, and musing over story angles. Trapped in his vehicle, I suffered the hard sell all the way to my hotel. Entrance to the traditional Souk market in the Mutrah neighborhood of Muscat, Oman. It was late and I was exhausted by the time we reached my hotel.

I wanted nothing more than to fall into bed and sleep for ten hours. But my room fronted on a six-lane highway and the traffic noise was so bad I knew sleeping would be impossible. I asked for and was given a second room…which had a balcony with sliding glass doors that would not lock. As a solo female traveler, I have a few non-negotiable rules for staying safe.

Once again, I asked for my room to be changed. The third try was even worse. The room reeked like a dead animal and there were dark brown spots on the carpet the size of dinner plates. In Old Muscat, a mosque is framed by one of the 16th century Portuguese forts that once guarded the harbors.

My experience did not improve over the next five days. I began in Old Muscat, where the only interesting sites among a sea of whitewashed buildings were the Al Alam Palace and two 16th-century Portuguese forts.

None of which were open to the public. With everything closed during the midday heat, streets of the old town were deserted. The only sign of life was four Omani men wearing the traditional Omani Dishdasha , an ankle-length white caftan, and round embroidered caps known as kumma. They strolled slowly down the middle of the street, eventually disappearing into one of the brilliant white palaces. Little did I know this would be the closest I would ever get to Omani culture.

The Corniche is a 4-mile long walkway between the Mutrah area of Muscat, and Old Muscat, the original site of the city. Dejectedly, I turned my back on Old Muscat and headed back down the 4-mile Corniche. It was a beautiful seaside walk, but as in Old Muscat, everything along the way was closed. I arrived at the Mutrah Suq just as the market was opening for the evening and ducked inside to wander its cool narrow alleyways. Like any other market in the world, merchants hawked wares ranging from gold to spice to pashmina shawls.

But every single one of the shop owners was an immigrant. I met friendly Pakistanis, Filipinos, Bangladeshis, and even Nepalis. But not a single Omani was to be found. Shop owner in the Mutrah Souk hawks his goods. On day two I fended off multiple pushy taxi drivers, found the Big Bus stop, and sat down to wait.

A cruise ship was in town and the company was busy shuttling passengers back to the ship. We were well past the beach by the time I realized the driver had skipped it. My only option would have been to go all the way around and wait for the next bus.

By that time it was too late. Even if I took a quick stroll on the beach and grabbed a late lunch, I would miss the last bus back. And a taxi back to the hotel would set me back another 25 bucks. My Big Bus ticket was for two days, so I set out early the next morning.

I was beginning to suspect that there was little to see or do in Muscat, and the Big Bus tour quickly confirmed my worst fears. Strangely, the two most visited sites, the Muscat Opera House and the Sultan Qaboos Grand Mosque , were not even included on the route. I did manage to see the mosque when a lovely French Canadian family at the hotel invited me to accompany them in their rental car. A palm-lined beach along the Corniche in Muscat, Oman.

For the remainder of my time in Oman, I decided to focus on day trips outside of the capital city. I tried my favorite go-to booking site, GetYourGuide, and even Viator, without success. Not only are tours in Oman extremely expensive, the minimum number of participants for any tour was two people. As a single person I would have had to pay double, even if other customers joined the same tour.

I just said no. Dining along the Corniche in the Mutrah area of Muscat, Oman. I spent my last day wandering around the Mutrah area, eating horrible fast food and trying to meet locals other than taxi drivers. The only Omanis I found were squatting on the sidewalk in front of a sand pit, playing an ancient game known as hawalis.

The chess-like game involved moving a series of pebbles among four rows of holes dug in the sand. The men refused to acknowledge me and even my requests to take a photo went unanswered. Lacking denial, I snapped the photo. I stood there a while longer, trying to decipher the rules of the game, but their snub made me increasingly uncomfortable.

I later learned the centuries-old game, which is just as incomprehensible as the local culture, is exclusive to Oman. Omani men play Hawalis, a board game where stones are moved between four rows of cups dug in the sand. This version of the game is said to be exclusive to Oman. Others may wax lyrical about Oman, but the only friendly people I met were immigrants.

And the countryside may indeed be beautiful, but since all the tours were exceedingly expensive, I never saw it. There is no published information about bus routes and no rapid transit. Even renting a car is problematic.

My new French Canadian friends told me horror stories about getting lost in the interior on roadways completely devoid of any directional signs. Until it does, I can find lots of other places to spend my money. I may not want to return, but those of you who are intrigued by Oman as a destination may find both this comprehensive travel guide to Oman and this Day Oman Itinerary helpful.

It seems like you didnt get a chance to meet with many locals to really give you a feel for the culture and the country. I find it amazing to read all those comments disagreeing with the author employing the most juvenile of logical fallacies.

I liked it….. Thus your experience is invalid and wrong! You only embarrass yourselves! Hello Barbara Thank you for taking the time to write your review regarding your experience in Oman or more specifically, Muscat. While I understand as to why someone would take offense at your post, you have the right to express yourself as you see fit in your personal blog.

It is important for you to remember that when visiting a highly observant Islamic nation one should refrain from interacting with members of the opposite gender. I learned this the hard way when I attempted to embrace a young woman wearing a hijab back in high school.

I suggest you give Muscat another chance but it sounds to me as if you will not grow to love It. There are many places on Earth that we dislike at first, yet learn to live Los Angeles for me and others which no matter what I will do my best possible to avoid Las Vegas or Toronto.

I found your article well written and interesting and I look forward to reading more of your travel insights.

Have a blessed week. As an expat living from childhood Oman, Muscat was a great place to enjoy my childhood. Never had any bad experiences life was great then. But as i grew up i started to notice how omani citizens actually saw me. Not all were criticizing towards me. I do have omani friends from my college who are amazing, supportive and really friendly towards me and i love that about them.

But when it comes to me in a public place i have experienced a really bad way of how an omani lady was offended by my outfit. I was at a public park with my family. Me and my dad were sitting and talking on our mats under a tree. So later i laid down side ways to relax. So she told me to sit straight up or leave just because her dumbass husband was staring at me that really offended her. She also told me that i dont like what you are doing im sorry but my husband is staring at you.

So she was offened by me just because her husband was staring at girls. Like i never expected this to happen. So my dad just apologized her and we had to leave that park. This what i hate about this country.

1 thoughts on “What is capital of oman

Add a comment

Your email will not be published. Required fields are marked *