12 Best Pillow For Ear Pain
1 day ago · How to Use Steam to Relieve Sinus Pressure. Steaming is an old method of relieving sinus pressure without chemicals or drugs. The steam helps open up the nasal passages and thin out the sometimes thick mucus, thereby enabling it to drain. Apr 06, · Conversely, if air pressure inside the inner ear rapidly becomes less than the air pressure outside, the tympanic membrane will be sucked inward, almost like a vacuum effect. What has happened is that the Eustachian tube has flattened and needs a bit of help from you to continue to do its job of bringing air into the inner ear.
Tinnitus News. This discovery How does the brain integrate acoustic information from remote areas? In a neuroimaging study, a team of This process takes place through synchronization of the areas of the The study, which involved 3, participants from Two Molecular Handshakes for Hearing Oct. That humans also have this capability was not known until now.
Science may have an answer. Theoretical physicists report that materials made from tapered chains of spherical beads could help dampen sounds that lie at the upper How to wear hood graduation prototype of the system Summaries Headlines. Researchers have discovered a mechanism that helps to explain how this The analysis of these cells can lead to new therapies for various kinds of But some tests to identify the causes of such problems are painful and can risk hearing damage.
Now, researchers have developed a new Researchers are looking to improve this noisy One of these subtypes is For patients with semicircular canal dehiscence, there is a pathological This is a Using virtual reality and other immersive Researchers want to bring this advantage to people who use cochlear implants.
They have developed a new technique Wednesday, July 22, Load more stories. Print Email Share. Boy or Girl? Flushing a Public Toilet?
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That helps it drain and means less nighttime stuffiness. Dizziness A build-up of pressure in the inner ear, including pressure caused by sinus problems, can sometimes make you feel dizzy. Nov 01, · Earwax helps to lubricate and protect your ear canal from infection. It’s made up of secretions from glands in your outer ear canal, which is the part closest to the opening of your ear. Apr 06, · Roughly million Americans aged 18 and above report having trouble hearing. The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders opines this. Ear pain, whether as a result of surgery, infection or an object, can be excruciating. At night, the pain tends to be worse mainly because of poor sleeping positions. You have two options. The first one is settling for a pillow with.
With the introduction of benzodiazepines such as chlordiazepoxide Librium and diazepam Valium in the early s, a new era in the treatment of insomnia and anxiety began. The benzodiazepines were more effective and far safer than the older drugs — barbiturates, meprobamate, and glutethimide — that had been prescribed for these purposes.
For many years, benzodiazepines continued to be the most popular prescription tranquilizers and sedatives. Since the mids, new alternatives have been assuming some of these roles, but benzodiazepines are not about to leave the stage. More than a dozen benzodiazepines are available by prescription. Benzodiazepines have a common basic chemical structure, and they all increase activity at receptors for the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid GABA.
This transmitter inhibits the activity of neurons, slowing down the brain and nervous system. Benzodiazepines differ mainly in how quickly they are absorbed, how long their effects last, and how long they take to leave the body. In the past, benzodiazepines were commonly prescribed to treat anxiety and panic disorder. However, other therapies are equally if not more effective than benzodiazepines without the dangers.
Now the FDA requires all benzodiazepines to carry the strongest warning regarding the risks of dependency, addiction, or withdrawal symptoms. The FDA also emphasized the importance of not combining a benzodiazepine drug with an opioid because it can stop a person's breathing. The FDA requires all benzodiazepines to carry the strongest warning regarding the risks of dependency, addiction, or withdrawal symptoms.
The most common side effect is daytime grogginess or drowsiness, mainly with longer-acting drugs. Short-acting drugs may cause rebound insomnia the night after they are used. At higher doses, benzodiazepines may affect physical coordination and balance, raising the risk of falls and other accidents.
Some benzodiazepines can impair memory or the ability to learn and retain new information. Older people are more sensitive to all these side effects.
Alcohol intensifies almost all benzodiazepine side effects, so physicians usually recommend that patients taking benzodiazepines avoid drinking. Some benzodiazepines are metabolized by the same liver enzyme systems that break down many other drugs, including the antibiotic erythromycin, protease inhibitors used to treat HIV infection, and calcium-channel blockers used to treat high blood pressure.
When the benzodiazepine is used along with one of these drugs, its effect may last longer than usual. Because benzodiazepines may carry some risk of birth defects, physicians are cautious about prescribing them for pregnant women. In part because GABA neurons adapt to the presence of the drug and are underactive when it is withdrawn, benzodiazepines can cause physical dependence and a withdrawal reaction.
With longer-acting drugs, the withdrawal reaction usually develops after a month or two; with shorter-acting drugs, it may take as little as a week of daily use. Shorter-acting drugs produce a briefer and more intense reaction that begins within 24 hours after withdrawal. With benzodiazepines that leave the body more slowly, the symptoms begin several days after withdrawal and peak in about a week. The most common withdrawal symptoms are restlessness, irritability, insomnia, muscle tension, weakness, aches and pains, blurred vision, and a racing heart, in that order.
Sometimes these symptoms are difficult to distinguish from returning insomnia or anxiety. Rarely, after use of high doses for a long time or abrupt withdrawal of a short-acting benzodiazepine, a patient may suffer seizures or hallucinations.
To ease withdrawal, the dose is reduced gradually. If the patient has been using benzodiazepines for a long time, the process may take months. Sometimes a longer-acting drug is substituted for a shorter-acting one before withdrawal.
Physical dependence on benzodiazepines is almost universal after a couple of months of daily use. In general, antidepressants, especially selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors SSRIs such as sertraline Zoloft , are as effective as and safer than benzodiazepines for the long-term treatment of panic disorder and generalized anxiety. Antidepressants have the advantage of relieving depression as well as anxiety, and they create less risk of dependence.
Buspirone BuSpar , used in the treatment of chronic anxiety, enhances the effect of the neurotransmitter serotonin. It is less effective than benzodiazepines and takes longer to work several weeks , but it is less likely to cause physical dependence. Ramelteon, a recently introduced treatment for insomnia, acts at receptors for melatonin, a hormone that helps to regulate the body's circadian hour cycles.
It is approved for long-term use. Antihistamines are over-the-counter drugs sometimes used as sedatives. Diphenhydramine Benadryl is the most widely available. Side effects include daytime drowsiness and blurred vision. Exercise, muscle relaxation training, yoga, breath training, and hypnosis can be used to relieve both insomnia and anxiety.
Psychotherapy of various kinds is helpful for the long-term treatment of both. The most carefully studied and often best alternative to benzodiazepines and related drugs is cognitive behavioral therapy. For insomnia, the cognitive behavioral approach involves recording and changing both sleep habits and ways of thinking about sleep.
Patients learn to go to bed only when sleepy, to exercise regularly but not near bedtime, to avoid eating, reading, or watching television in bed, and to rise at the same time no matter how little they have slept. They learn how to use relaxation techniques and breathing exercises, visualize soothing scenes, or repeat neutral sounds to fall asleep.
They also learn to recognize and change unrealistic ideas, such as the belief that they will never be able to sleep well without drugs. In cognitive behavioral treatment of anxiety, patients record, examine, and analyze their thoughts and feelings, with special attention to those that provoke or relieve anxiety. While the therapist helps them to become aware of unrealistic thinking, they also learn new ways to respond to anxiety-provoking situations, and practice the techniques of exposure and systematic desensitization.
In most studies, cognitive behavioral therapy is found to be as effective as benzodiazepines and other medications, and its impact often lasts longer. A combination of drugs and cognitive behavioral therapy may be more effective than either alone.
But in some studies of insomnia, cognitive behavioral therapy alone has been found superior to the combination, possibly because patients are less committed to the behavioral and cognitive techniques if they know they can fall back on a drug. Cognitive behavioral therapy has few risks. Its main disadvantage is that it requires training and experience that many clinicians lack. New subscriptions to Harvard Health Online are temporarily unavailable. Click the button below to learn about our other subscription offers.
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Please note the date of last review or update on all articles. No content on this site, regardless of date, should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor or other qualified clinician. Benzodiazepines and the alternatives Updated: September 27, Published: March, Research health conditions Check your symptoms Prepare for a doctor's visit or test Find the best treatments and procedures for you Explore options for better nutrition and exercise.
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