Phthalates, Fat-Promoting Chemicals, Are Hiding Out Here…
rows · Phthalates are a group of chemicals used in hundreds of products, such as toys, vinyl . Phthalates are readily absorbed into the human body and. are converted quickly to their respective metabolites. Unlike some chemicals, they tend to pass out of the body quickly in urine and feces. Phthalates can interact with each other and increase the exposure effect. How do phthalates enter the environment? Phthalates can be released from a.
Phthalates are a group of chemicals used to make plastics more durable. They are often called plasticizers. Some phthalates are used to help dissolve other materials. Phthalates are in hundreds of products, such as vinyl flooring, lubricating oils, and personal-care products soaps, shampoos, hair sprays.
Some phthalates are in polyvinyl chloride plastics, which are used to make products such as plastic packaging, garden hoses, and medical tubing. People are exposed to phthalates by eating and drinking foods that have contacted products containing phthalates. Some exposure can occur from breathing phthalate particles in the air. Children crawl around and touch many things, then put their hands in their mouths.
Because of that hand-to-mouth behavior, phthalate particles in dust might be a greater risk for children than for adults. Some types of phthalates have affected the reproductive system in animals. Human health effects from exposure to low levels of phthalates are not as clear. More research is needed to assess the human health effects of exposure to phthalates. Finding a detectable amount of phthalate metabolites in urine does not mean the levels will cause harmful health effects.
Biomonitoring studies measure levels of chemicals, such as phthalate metabolites, that people have in their bodies. Levels that are not likely to cause harm are called reference values. Physicians and public health officials use reference values to decide if people have been exposed to higher levels of these chemicals than are found in the general population. Biomonitoring data what is the fever temperature help scientists plan and conduct research on exposure and health effects.
Skip directly to site content Skip directly to page options Skip directly to A-Z link. National Biomonitoring Program. Section Navigation. Facebook Twitter LinkedIn Syndicate. Phthalates Factsheet. Minus Related Pages. How People Are Exposed to Phthalates People are exposed to phthalates by eating and drinking foods that have contacted products containing phthalates.
Levels of Phthalate Metabolites in the U. CDC researchers found measurable levels of many phthalate metabolites in the general population. This finding indicates that phthalate exposure is widespread in the U. Adult women have higher levels of metabolites measured in urine than do men for those phthalates that are used in soaps, body washes, shampoos, cosmetics, and similar personal care products.
Non-Hispanic Blacks have higher levels of exposure for several phthalates and phthalate alternative metabolites than do Non-Hispanic Whites. Top of Page. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving how to undress a photo in photoshop CDC website.
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Dec 02, · Hormones play a role in many functions in your body; if they’re altered by phthalates, other health concerns might crop up. Take weight, for example. Research suggests some . Aug 10, · Phthalates, colorless, odorless liquids produced by reacting phthalic anhydride with an appropriate alcohol. And according to tests done by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, most Americans have metabolites of multiple phthalates in their urine. Mar 14, · 7 Ways Plastics Damage the Body 1: Phthalates damage the chemistry of fatty acids most importantly, the fatty acid, DHA (docosahexaenoic acid). This is the fundamental chemistry necessary for making every cell lining or membrane. These fatty acids are the foundation for brain health including memory and recall.
Last Updated: October 8, References. This article was co-authored by Chris M. Matsko, MD. Chris M. Matsko is a retired physician based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. With over 25 years of medical research experience, Dr. There are 20 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.
This article has been viewed 20, times. Phthalates are a type of chemical in the same family as BPA that are used to make plastic items and are also used in many different types of cosmetics and toiletry items. This chemical can be found in items ranging from plastic food storage containers, perfume, air fresheners, laundry detergent, as a component of pesticides, and even on plastic toys.
Some studies have shown that phthalates can cause damage to the liver, kidneys and the reproductive systems of both males and females. The studies specifically show these side effects can affect an unborn baby. Log in Social login does not work in incognito and private browsers.
These are foods you should focus on in your diet to help you reduce your exposure to this chemical. Avoid high fat foods such as creams, whole milk, and fatty meats as much as possible. Among the grain group, pasta, rice and noodles consistently ranked lower in phthalates.
In conventional fruits and vegetables, phthalates levels were very low; however, this is not true for conventional canned fruits, vegetables and pickles. Avoid canned or processed foods. Although these foods are found to have low levels of phthalates, they are not completely free of them. Avoid foods known to be very high in phthalates. In addition to focusing more on foods that are lower in phthalate levels, it's best to be aware of the foods that have high levels.
Specifically in poultry, levels were high in the skin. A few studies showed the phthalate level was lower in frozen meat and poultry. Dairy items like heavy cream, ice cream and cheese had high to very high levels of phthalates.
Avoid packaged foods. Studies have also shown that phthalates are particularly high in some packaged foods. Try to avoid these foods, especially for children, as you may be surprised at the concentration levels of phthalates. Scientist believe that part of the reason packaged foods in particular are so high in phthalates is that these chemicals are already present in the food in addition to the packaging. The phthalates can be transferred from the packaging to the food itself.
Try to avoid packaged and processed foods like cereals, crackers, and even infant formula. Make your own versions of you and your child's favorite items from scratch at home. The farmers and manufactures have to follow a very specific set of guidelines to make sure foods are not exposed to a variety of different pesticides or chemicals — including phthalates.
Phthalates seem to be attracted to fat and are found in high quantities in dairy products and meat products; however, DEHP, a toxic phthalate, has been found in certified organic dairy products. Part 2 of Use a water filter. Not surprisingly, phthalates are also found in water. Since we cook with water and regularly drink it, it's important to find a method of removing or reducing the amount of phthalates in water.
Studies have shown that phthalates can be removed from drinking water by filtration with a water filter or filtering system. However, some claim that they cannot remove all phthalates. A nano filtration system, which is more expensive, can remove all phthalates from your drinking water.
Buy a stainless steel water bottle. Since phthalates are in high concentrations in plastic bottles, it's important to avoid using plastic bottles when transporting water or other liquids. Many of these water bottles are now made in stainless steel which is a great alternative. Also, make sure you do not heat up plastic water bottles or put hot liquid into plastic bottles. Other options include containers made of ceramic, glass, or wood to hold and store food and water instead of plastic.
If you need to buy bottled water, look for one that distinctly says phthalate-free on the label or use your own filtered water. Store food in plastic containers that have the 2, 4, or 5 recycling codes on them. There is a neat little trick to make sure the plastic item you're using is indeed, phthalate-free.
Make sure to review the whole package to look for these special codes. Many times, this is found on the bottom or side of the item. For example, it's typically listed on the bottom of plastic water bottles. If you see numbers like 3, 6, or 7 listed, this product contains phthalates. Do not purchase this, use this or drink from it. If the numbers listed are 2, 4, or 5, then you can be certain this plastic container or bottle does not contain any BPA or phthalates.
You may also want to consider using glass or porcelain food storage containers instead. This takes the guesswork out of finding a phthalate-free container. Avoid heating or cooking food in plastic. Phthalates and even BPA that are found in plastic containers or bottles can leach into foods or beverages at higher concentrations when they're heated.
Avoid heating up these types of plastics. Repackage them into phthalate-free containers or cook them immediately. Purchase food storage containers that do not contain phthalates or use porcelain containers to store foods.
Do not heat up foods in plastic tupperware or other plastic containers — don't place plastic in the microwave or oven. Take the foods out and put them on a plate to heat up. Also avoid using plastic wrap to cover and store foods.
Use aluminum foil or put foods in a phthalate-free storage container. Part 3 of Read the labels on all items. Whether you're buying make-up or laundry detergent, it's important to read the labels on these items. You may be able to figure out whether or not they contain phthalates. Although companies are not required to list phthalates, many companies do promote when they do not use phthalates.
Look for wording that says "phthalate-free" on your products. Also look for wording like "synthetic fragrance" as these are sure to contain phthalates.
Phthalates are very widespread and found in many foods, plastic products, cosmetics and other household items. This can make it difficult to figure out how to avoid them. However, the EWG's Skin Deep Database is a useful resource to help you figure out where these harmful chemicals may be hiding.
Also review the list of items that are phthalate free. You can use this to replace products you've previously purchased that did contain this harmful chemical. Only purchase items with natural fragrances. An easy way to avoid phthalates when it comes to scented items, is to choose natural or fragrance-free items. This will help limit your exposure to phthalates.
Also consider purchasing items that are fragrance-free. Soap bars, hand soap, body wash and lotions can be purchased without any fragrance. Be careful with baby bottles. One of the most important places to avoid phthalates and BPA as well are baby bottles, pacifiers, teethers and other plastic items.