Apr 05, · Most people have a problem with their stomach at one time or another. Indigestion and heartburn are common problems. You can relieve some stomach problems with over-the-counter medicines and lifestyle changes, such as avoiding fatty foods or eating more slowly. Other problems like peptic ulcers or GERD require medical attention. Esophageal and Stomach Conditions We Treat. Achalasia. Barrett’s Esophagus. Esophageal Cancer. Stomach (Gastric) Cancer. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Gastroparesis. Peptic Ulcer Disease. Swallowing Disorders.
Your stomach is an organ between your esophagus and small intestine. It is where diseaees of protein begins. The stomach has three tasks. It stores swallowed food. It mixes the food with stomach acids.
Then it sends the mixture on to the small intestine. Most people have a problem with their stomach at one time or another. Indigestion and heartburn are common problems. You can relieve some stomach problems with over-the-counter medicines and lifestyle changes, such as avoiding fatty foods or eating more slowly. Other problems like peptic ulcers or GERD require medical attention. Stomach Disorders Also called: Gastric disorders.
Learn More Related Issues Specifics. Research Clinical Trials Journal Articles. Resources Reference Desk Find an Expert. You should see a doctor if you have any of the following: Disordets when you have a bowel movement Severe abdominal pain Heartburn not relieved by antacids Unintended weight loss Avfect vomiting or diarrhea NIH: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Diagnosis and Tests. How to improve sound quality and Therapies.
Gastrectomy - slideshow Medical Encyclopedia Also in Spanish. Related Issues. Health Check Tools. Clinical Trials. Article: Effectiveness and safety of reduced-port laparoscopic surgery vs conventional multi-port laparoscopic Article: Helicobacter pylori diversification during chronic infection within a single host generates Stomach Disorders -- see more articles. Reference Desk. Find an Expert. Patient Diseasses.
What are Stomach Disorders?
Gastrointestinal diseases affect the gastrointestinal GI tract from the mouth to the anus. There are two types: functional and structural. Functional diseases are those in which the GI tract looks normal when examined, but doesn't move properly. They are the most common problems affecting the GI tract including the colon and rectum. Structural gastrointestinal diseases are those where your bowel looks abnormal upon examination and also doesn't work properly.
Sometimes, the structural abnormality needs to be removed surgically. Common examples of structural GI diseases include strictures, stenosis, hemorrhoids, diverticular disease, colon polyps, colon cancer and inflammatory bowel disease.
Constipation , which is a functional problem, makes it hard for you to have a bowel movement or pass stools , the stools are infrequent less than three times a week , or incomplete. Constipation is usually caused by inadequate "roughage" or fiber in your diet, or a disruption of your regular routine or diet.
Constipation causes you to strain during a bowel movement. It may cause small, hard stools and sometimes anal problems such as fissures and hemorrhoids.
Constipation is rarely the sign that you have a more serious medical condition. If these treatment methods don't work, laxatives can be added. Note that you should make sure you are up to date with your colon cancer screening. Always follow the instructions on the laxative medicine, as well as the advice of your healthcare provider.
Hemorrhoids are dilated veins in the anal canal, structural disease. They are caused by chronic excess pressure from straining during a bowel movement, persistent diarrhea, or pregnancy.
There are two types of hemorrhoids: internal and external. Internal hemorrhoids are blood vessels on the inside of your anal opening. When they fall down into the anus as a result of straining, they become irritated and start to bleed. Ultimately, internal hemorrhoids can fall down enough to prolapse sink or stick out of the anus.
External hemorrhoids are veins that lie just under the skin on the outside of the anus. Sometimes, after straining, the external hemorrhoidal veins burst and a blood clots form under the skin. Anal fissures are also a structural disease. They are splits or cracks in the lining of your anal opening. The most common cause of an anal fissure is the passage of very hard or watery stools.
The crack in the anal lining exposes the underlying muscles that control the passage of stool through the anus and out of the body. An anal fissure is one of the most painful problems because the exposed muscles become irritated from exposure to stool or air, and leads to intense burning pain, bleeding, or spasm after bowel movements. Initial treatment for anal fissures includes pain medicine, dietary fiber to reduce the occurrence of large, bulky stools and sitz baths sitting in a few inches of warm water.
If these treatments don't relieve your pain, surgery might be needed to repair the sphincter muscle. Perianal abscesses, also a structural disease, can occur when the tiny anal glands that open on the inside of your anus become blocked, and the bacteria always present in these glands causes an infection.
When pus develops, an abscess forms. An anal fistula — again, a structural disease — often follows drainage of an abscess and is an abnormal tube-like passageway from the anal canal to a hole in the skin near the opening of your anus.
Body wastes traveling through your anal canal are diverted through this tiny channel and out through the skin, causing itching and irritation. Fistulas also cause drainage, pain and bleeding.
They rarely heal by themselves and usually need surgery to drain the abscess and "close off" the fistula. Sometimes the skin glands near your anus become infected and need to be drained, like in this structural disease.
Just behind the anus, abscesses can form that contain a small tuft of hair at the back of the pelvis called a pilonidal cyst. Sexually transmitted diseases that can affect the anus include anal warts, herpes, AIDS, chlamydia and gonorrhea. The structural disease diverticulosis is the presence of small outpouchings diverticula in the muscular wall of your large intestine that form in weakened areas of the bowel.
They usually occur in the sigmoid colon, the high-pressure area of the lower large intestine. It is often caused by too little roughage fiber in the diet. They include infection or inflammation diverticulitis , bleeding and obstruction. Treatment of diverticulitis includes treating the constipation and sometimes antibiotics if really severe. Surgery is needed as last resort in those who have significant complications to remove the involved diseased segment of the colon.
Each year, , Americans are diagnosed with colorectal cancer , the second most common form of cancer in the United States. Fortunately, with advances in early detection and treatment, colorectal cancer is one of the most curable forms of the disease. By using a variety of screening tests, it is possible to prevent, detect and treat the disease long before symptoms appear. Almost all colorectal cancers begin as polyps, benign non-cancerous growths in the tissues lining your colon and rectum.
Cancer develops when these polyps grow and abnormal cells develop and start to invade surrounding tissue. Removal of polyps can prevent the development of colorectal cancer.
Almost all precancerous polyps can be removed painlessly using a flexible lighted tube called a colonoscope. If not caught in the early stages, colorectal cancer can spread throughout the body. More advanced cancer requires more complicated surgical techniques. Most early forms of colorectal cancer do not cause symptoms, which makes screening especially important. When symptoms do occur, the cancer might already be quite advanced. Symptoms include blood on or mixed in with the stool, a change in normal bowel habits, narrowing of the stool, abdominal pain, weight loss, or constant tiredness.
There are several types of colitis, which are conditions that cause an inflammation of the bowel. These include:. Colitis causes diarrhea, rectal bleeding, abdominal cramps and urgency frequent and immediate need to empty the bowels. Treatment depends on the diagnosis, which is made by colonoscopy and biopsy. Many diseases of the colon and rectum can be prevented or minimized by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, practicing good bowel habits and getting screened for cancer.
A colonoscopy is recommended for average-risk patients at age If you have a family history of colorectal cancer or polyps, a colonoscopy may be recommended at a younger age. Typically, a colonoscopy is recommended 10 years younger than the affected family member. For example, if your brother was diagnosed with colorectal cancer or polyps at age 45, you should begin screening at age If you have symptoms of colorectal cancer you should consult your healthcare provider right away.
Common symptoms include:. There are many other gastrointestinal diseases. Some are discussed, but others are not covered here. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Gastrointestinal Diseases GERD, diarrhea and colorectal cancer are examples of gastrointestinal diseases.
When examined, some diseases show nothing wrong with the GI tract, but there are still symptoms. Other diseases have symptoms, and there are also visible irregularities in the GI tract. Appointments What are gastrointestinal diseases? What are functional gastrointestinal diseases?
Many factors may upset your GI tract and its motility ability to keep moving , including: Eating a diet low in fiber. Not getting enough exercise. Traveling or other changes in routine. Eating large amounts of dairy products.
Resisting the urge to have a bowel movement, possibly because of hemorrhoids. Overusing anti-diarrheal medications that, over time, weaken the bowel muscle movements called motility. Taking antacid medicines containing calcium or aluminum. Taking certain medicines especially antidepressants, iron pills and strong pain medicines such as narcotics.
What are structural gastrointestinal diseases? Constipation Constipation , which is a functional problem, makes it hard for you to have a bowel movement or pass stools , the stools are infrequent less than three times a week , or incomplete.
You can treat your constipation by: Increasing the amount of fiber and water to your diet. Exercising regularly and increasing the intensity of your exercises as tolerated. Moving your bowels when you have the urge resisting the urge causes constipation.
Symptoms of IBS include: Abdominal pain and cramps. Excess gas. Change in bowel habits such as harder, looser, or more urgent stools than normal. Alternating constipation and diarrhea. Treatment includes: Avoiding excessive caffeine.
Increasing fiber in your diet. Monitoring which foods trigger your IBS and avoiding these foods.