Complete Bathroom Renovation
A typical bathroom mirror replacement costs $80 to $ for a steel-framed mirror and $ to $ for a wood-framed mirror, which includes installation above a vanity and sink. Add $25 to remove an existing bathroom mirror before hanging a new one. WALL-MOUNTED MIRROR (over 20 lbs.) Drywall: Screw-in anchors or molly bolts with mirror clips and mirror mastic. Plaster: Molly bolts with mirror clips and mirror mastic. Hollow-core Door: Hollow-core door anchors, mirror clips and mirror mastic. Winged plastic anchor. Where to find it. ITW Brands. Dept TH, Gerry Dr. Wood Dale, IL
Construct an unvented crawlspace and insulate the interior walls with rigid foam insulation; this can provide an insulated, air-sealed environment for ducts and HVAC equipment, protect floor joists from condensation from humid air in humid climates, and protect floors and pipes from cold temperatures in cold climates.
This guide applies to crawlspaces and basements with walls constructed of solid concrete, or concrete masonry units CMU with a continuous brick cap or bond beam. Crawlspaces that are constructed to be unvented, air-sealed, insulated, and conditioned can have several advantages over vented crawlspaces see Figure 1. They reduce the opportunity for condensation to form on cold floor or rim joists from humid air entering through the vents.
Insulated crawlspaces can keep floors warmer and help protect HVAC equipment and plumbing pipes drjwall freezing temperatures in cold climates BSC They are less likely to harbor pests.
Although there are different strategies to insulate closed crawlspaces, this guide is intended to provide a cost-effective method for installing rigid foam insulation on the interior perimeter walls and the band joist area in closed also called sealed or unvented crawlspace foundations. Polyisocyanurate or extruded polystyrene XPS rigid foam board is recommended as insulation because of its low permeance to water dryaall high insulation value per inch.
The thickness of the foam sheeting may depend on the climate zone in which it drywaol installed, as well as the desired levels of performance. Table 1 shows the three main types of rigid foam board insulation available in the market today. The R-values vary, depending on the manufacturer, but polyisocyanurate offers the highest R-value.
Many rigid foam board manufacturers apply a thin polyethylene film to both sides of the panels to strengthen them and to make them impermeable to vapor. Use unfaced sheets, or remove the film from the rigid foam board prior to installation, free instructions on how to make bows to allow some breathability at the band joist area. Foam plastic insulation receives special ddrywall in residential building codes because some foam insulations have the potential to release toxic or flammable gases when heated, or they can accelerate the spread of fire if they ignite.
However, several foam insulation products have been designed and tested to gemove or eliminate those risks. Check with local authorities to ensure that the rigid foam selected meets all code requirements. Figure 2 below shows examples of typical foundation wall types to which this guide applies. These examples are constructed of solid concrete or concrete masonry units CMU with a continuous brick cap or bond beam.
CAUTION: Before insulating the band joist area, assess the moisture potential of both the interior and exterior conditions where the sill plate also known as the mud sillband joist, and floor system all meet the top of the crawlspace walls see Dickson If installation of insulation in the band joist area will not cause high moisture content and likely damage to the wood, then insulate this area.
If there is any doubt about the drying potential at the band joist area, the safest practice would be not to insulate that area and to allow free drying of the wood materials.
Refer to fom Guide to Closing and Conditioning Ventilated Crawlspaces " for guidance on how to assess moisture conditions in the crawlspace and band joist area. Other options for insulating the rim joist are with spray foam or with rigid foam sheathing installed on the exterior of the home see " Critical Seal Spray Foam at Rim Joist ". During warm seasons in humid climates, the outside air can contain more water vapor than the air within the crawlspace.
In humid climates, rather than helping to dry out a crawlspace, the vents can actually encourage condensation in the crawlspace by allowing warm, humid air to enter and condense on the floor joists, which are likley to be cooler, especially if the rooms above are air conditioned.
In warm humid climates, a closed crawlspace reduces the potential for moisture problems e. Local building codes can have mastci requirements for types of insulation and requirements for the 3-in. See the Compliance tab for prescriptive requirements for insulation levels in the International Energy Conservation Code and International Residential Code. Climate zones 1 and 2 do not require the use of insulation. However, crawlspaces in those regions are usually constructed above grade. Thus, reasonable energy savings can occur if an insulation strategy is implemented.
Consider insulation levels similar to those in climate zone 3. The map in Figure 1 shows the climate zones for states that have adopted energy codes equivalent to the International Energy Conservation Code IECC12, 15, and The map in Figure mastc shows the climate zones for states that have adopted energy codes equivalent to the How to check job history Yo 1.
Source: IECC. Figure 2. Compliance The Compliance tab mriror both program and code information. Code language is excerpted and summarized below. For exact code language, refer to the applicable code, which may require purchase from the publisher.
While we continually update our database, links may have changed msstic posting. Please contact our webmaster if you find broken links. If the state or local residential building energy code requires higher insulation levels than those specified in the IECC, you must meet or exceed the locally mandated requirements. Visit the U. Water-Managed Site and Foundation.
Exhibit 1 Mandatory Requirements. Begin by checking with local authorities to ensure that all materials and work will comply with how do i restore my windows xp to factory settings code requirements. As an alternative to insulating floors over crawlspaces, crawlspace walls can how to cure pneumonia fast insulated if the crawlspace is not vented to the outside.
The Insulation must be permanently fastened to the wall and extend down the wall from the floor to the finished grade then vertical or horizontally at an additional 24 inches. The dirt floor must be covered with a continuous Class I vapor retarder that extends at least 6 inches up the stem wall and is attached and sealed to the wall. The joints of the vapor retarder should overlap by 6 inches with seams sealed or taped.
Retrofit:,and IECC. Section R Additions, alterations, renovations, or repairs shall conform to the provisions of this code, without requiring the unaltered portions of the existing building to comply with this code. See code for additional requirements and exceptions. Maxtic the IRC, the following requirement is added: R Retrofit:,what is in miralax powder IRC. Section N Appendix J regulates the repair, renovation, alteration, and reconstruction of existing buildings and is intended to encourage their continued safe use.
If there is no retrofit-specific information for a section, that heading is not included. The information provided in this guide for new homes also applies to crawlspaces in existing homes. Additional foiundation wall insulation options are described in the guide Air Sealed, Insulated Basements. If any standing water, mold, rotten wood, or hazardous materials are present in the crawlspace, these conditions should be addressed before air sealing and insulating the crawlspace.
See the following Building America Solution Center guides xrywall more information:. The U. More Info. Access to some references may require purchase from how to cross country ski for beginners video publisher.
What are the departments in a company air-sealed homes are less comfortable and cost more to maintain because they provide a pathway for drafts, cold spots, moisture, and insects into the home. Comprehensive draft protection includes a continuous air barrier around the whole house along with caulking and sealing in all holes and cracks. This includes around wiring, plumbing, ducts, and flues; where wall framing meets flooring; around windows; where drywall meets top plates and sill plates; where rim joists meet foundation walls and subfloors; etc.
Spray foam insulation can be used at rim joists, floors above unconditioned space, and in attics to insulate and air seal at the same time. Comprehensive draft protection minimizes air flow that can undermine a complete high-performance insulation system. What this means for you is less wasted energy along with enhanced comfort, health, quiet, and durability.
The Building America Field Kit allows you to save items to your profile for review or use on-site. Sign Up or Log In. Unvented, Insulated Crawlspaces Print. Masfic Images. Unvented air-sealed crawlspace is insulated along the perimeter walls with rigid foam.
Install insulation to levels that meet or exceed code or energy-efficiency program requirements. Check with local authorities prior to installation of the insulation to ensure that the rigid foam meets all code requirements. Cover the walls and floor of the crawlspace with a polyethylene vapor retarder prior to installing the rigid foam. If the crawlspace has vents, install pieces of rigid foam cut to fit in the vent openings and seal in place with spray foam or caulk.
Fasten the sheets of rigid foam to the crawlspace walls using masonry fasteners with large, button cap ho. Leave a pest control inspection strip where needed to comply with local codes. Insulate access doors and provide air sealing with gaskets or weather stripping. If the band joist area is suitable for insulating, it can be insulated with rigid foam cut to fit in each joist bay and sealed in place with spray foam or caulk.
The sealed, insulated crawlspace is a clean, dry location to house the main floor heating ducts and also provides bonus storage space. Source: Addison Dryawll. Table 1. Poured concrete and concrete block crawlspace foundation systems can be insulated on the interior with rigid foam. Figure 3. Install vapor retarder over the dirt floor of the crawlspace and extend it up the interior supports and interior perimeter walls.
Overlap and seal seams with caulk and tape. Figure 4. Install rigid foam insulation along perimeter walls of the crawlspace, allowing a 3-in. Figure 5. When insulating a crawlspace wall, fill in any existing wall vents with rigid foam insulation.
Figure 6. When insulating a crawlspace wall, seal the foam blocking covering the crawlspace vents with canned spray foam.
Introduction: Complete Bathroom Renovation
After the glue has dried, turn the mirror over and mark locations for two hanger straps at the top of the mirror. If possible, match these hanger locations to the studs on the wall, but if the spacing doesn’t work out where you want to place the mirror, use heavy duty drywall anchors. Cut the drywall so that the seam of the drywall and cement board falls halfway behind the glass block. Install backers in the stud wall to support the cement board/drywall seam. Cut the top of the drywall at 6 feet, 2 inches above the plywood floor to allow for the slope . Complete Bathroom Renovation: This is a small bathroom but it needed a complete overhaul to save it from 'just plain ugly' - a designer's nightmare. From the floors to the walls to the lighting, everything had to be done. I wanted to do it myself to save money on labor. This did.
There's no doubt about it. It's tricky to fasten something to drywall when it has to go between studs. Plaster walls and hollow-core doors are no picnic to work on either. These surfaces separate space, not support weight.
But, fortunately, there is an anchor for just about any hanging job you can think of. Many of them are shown in the kit below. Put together your own collection, and you won't need to run to the store every time a hanging job comes up.
See page 60 to find out which fastener to use for the most common jobs around the house. Available in several varieties, these work well for light and medium loads Anchors like the blue version don't expand enough to grab well in drywall; they work better in plaster and best in masonry. Anchors designed to spread their "wings" are less susceptible to withdrawal. To install : Drill a hole that allows a snug fit for the sleeve.
You should need to tap it home with a hammer until the anchor flange seats against the surface. Fasten by driving a screw into the sleeve. Depending on size, sleeves will take 4, 6 or 8 screws.
It's good to have a selection of these on hand in different sizes. Large versions installed with an angled nail can support up to 20 lbs. For heavier loads, use a flat-mounted hook and an anchor. These are not as easy to use as other drywall anchors, but they're still good to have on hand for medium to heavy loads.
Pointed mollys can be tapped into place with a hammer. Nonpointed versions require an installation hole, and work well in old plaster-and-lath walls. To install : Seat the round flange flush with the wall surface by tapping the screwhead. Turn the screw to "mushroom" the slotted sleeve against the back wall surface. Take care not to overtighten; you'll know this is happening if the anchor flange starts to depress the surface of the plaster or drywall.
Once the molly is secure, unscrew the bolt and then replace it with the item in place. To install : Tap the pointed end and flat shank into wall until the top flange is flush with the wall surface. Install item by driving a 6 screw into the flange hole. Plastic versions are also available. Metal toggle bolts can support heavy loads in drywall, plaster and hollow-core concrete block.
Plastic versions hold medium loads in drywall and plaster. To install: Bore a hole in the wall large enough to accommodate the toggle. Fit the item to be anchored over the bolt, then insert the toggle and tighten. You can trim a plastic bolt flush with its nut after installation.
It's always better to err on the heavy-duty side when selecting an anchor for drywall, plaster, a hollow-core door and paneling. With some fastening jobs hanging a large picture frame or bulletin board, for example , you can spread the load by using more than one anchor.
If you haven't used a particular anchor before, practice installation on a scrap piece of drywall or plywood paneling. Hollow-core Door: Screw through picture or bulletin board frame and into hollow-core door anchors in at least two locations.
Pinterest Email Pocket Flipboard. Expanding Plastic Sleeves Available in several varieties, these work well for light and medium loads Anchors like the blue version don't expand enough to grab well in drywall; they work better in plaster and best in masonry. Picture-frame hangers and nails It's good to have a selection of these on hand in different sizes. Mirror clips L-shaped plastic retainers for installing wall-mounted mirrors.
Molly bolts These are not as easy to use as other drywall anchors, but they're still good to have on hand for medium to heavy loads. Tap-in expanding anchors These easy-to-use fasteners are best for light loads.
To install : Use the same technique as for standard molly bolts. Toggle bolts Metal toggle bolts can support heavy loads in drywall, plaster and hollow-core concrete block. The Line on Loads: Light: Less than 10 lbs. Medium: 10 lbs. Heavy: 25 lbs. Email required. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice and European users agree to the data transfer policy.