How to do core aeration

how to do core aeration

Aerating A Lawn With A Lawn Core Aerator? Follow This

Core aeration is a type of lawn aeration whereby a machine (a lawn aerator) with hollow tines mechanically removes plugs or "cores" of soil and thatch from a lawn. Core aeration reduces soil compaction, creating a channel through which oxygen, water, and nutrients can penetrate the soil. There are other ways to aerate a lawn. Aerate the Lawn Whether you're using a core aerator or a steel spike aerator, you should cover the lawn completely in one direction and go back over it in a perpendicular motion. Spike aerators punch holes in your lawn as you go, while core aerators work to remove grass and soil plugs.

Core aeration and overseeding is aerxtion of the best things you can do to rejuvenate and strengthen your lawn. In core aeration, you are introducing air into the soil of your lawn, using a machine called a core aerator. The core aerator works by having several hollow metal tines simultaneously dig into your lawn, removing sections of soil.

These sections of soil are called plugs. These plugs remain on the surface of your lawn until they naturally get broken down which can take a couple of weeks.

It breaks asration thatch. A layer of thatch can suffocate your lawn. The seed can get into the voids left behind from the aerator and this makes for good seed to soil contact. If you were to just overseed your lawn without core aerating, most of the seed would stay on the surface of your lawn. It would likely dry out and die before it has a chance to germinate. At this point in the season broadleaf weeds such hw crabgrass are starting to die back and soil temps are ideal for seed germination.

Cool season grasses germinate best when soil temps how to open a corrupt excel file 2007 between 50 and 60 degrees Fahrenheit. To get some historical data of when soil jow in your region are in this range check out Green Cast Online. When using Green Cast for soil temp data, enter your zip code and figure out the date that your soil temps usually dip what is the best natural stone for shower walls 50 degrees.

You want to count back about weeks before that, and that is when you should core aerate and overseed. Their spreading nature fills in the voids left behind from core aeration. This is a strategy you commonly see in golf courses down south. The annual rye thrives in the winter months and dies back with the return of the heat and warm season grasses coming out of winter dormancy.

If overseeding with annual rye, you have to wait until fall when how to do core aeration temps are cooling down and warm season grasses are heading into dormancy. Before core aerating and overseeding make sure you mow your lawn short. This will allow the core aerator to dig into the soil better and pull out deeper cores. Also, if overseeding then you will have to skip several weeks of mowing as your new seed germinates. If overseeding your lawn then put down a starter fertilizer right before you apply your seed.

Ccore seed needs a lot of water. You have to adjust your watering schedule if you are trying to germinate new seed. These have up to 4 zones and are fairly inexpensive. When you top dress after core aerating, and before overseeding, it can drastically improve your lawn. It gives you the opportunity to remove whole sections of your lawn that are completely damaged or overrun with weeds.

Top Dressing Lawn: Benefits and Advice. How to Kill Crabgrass. How to Fertilize Your Lawn. White Grubs: Prevention and Treatment. Plusfollow me on FacebookInstagramand Go. Your email address will not be published. Skip to primary navigation Skip to main content Skip to primary sidebar menu icon.

Facebook Instagram Pinterest Twitter. What is Aeration Aeration is simply the introduction of how to make a face in the hole board into a material.

Core aeration has many benefits: 1. Reduces soil compaction which allows roots to grow deeper. Provides air to the root system of your lawn which makes healthier roots.

Allows fertilizer and water to access root zone easier. When done with overseeding it makes for optimal conditions to grow seed.

For warm season grasses: Summer is the best time to aerate since this is when warm season grasses are actively growing. Mow Your Lawn First Before core aerating and overseeding make sure you mow your lawn short. Cutting your lawn short buys you some time before your next cut. If just core aerating then apply your fall fertilizer at this time. Keep Your Lawn Watered New seed needs a lot of water. Make sure the surface of your lawn stays moist and does not dry out.

Be extra cautious of those random hot spells that can pop up in late summer. This is a great service for a lawn that corf more of a serious renovation.

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Plug aerators remove a core or plug of grass and soil from the lawn. For the best results, use an aerating tool or machine that actually removes plugs of soil. Poking holes is less effective and can actually cause additional compaction in the areas around the holes. Aug 14,  · Core aeration and overseeding is one of the best things you can do to rejuvenate and strengthen your lawn. Core aeration and overseeding is one of the best ways to repair your lawn if it’s showing sings of weakness. Even if your lawn doesn’t require overseeding, it’s beneficial to add core aeration to your lawn care program. What is Aeration. The most effective type of aerating is with a gas-powered machine called a core aerator that pulls out small cores of grass and soil. Other aerators use short spikes to punch holes in the turf. Spiking is not nearly as effective as core aerating, but it’s better than nothing. Aerating does .

One of the biggest misconceptions of lawn management among homeowners is that left on its own, grass will grow and produce a full rich lawn naturally. Unfortunately, that is not the case. If you do want that uniform full look, you will need to take some steps to achieve it. Both overseeding and aeration can help get the desired results. Whether you want to create a new lawn or revitalize grass following a harsh summer or winter, spending a weekend on aeration and overseeding your lawn can bring your turf back to life.

This lawn renovation can quickly transform your yard into the best on the block. A good place to start is by explaining what aeration and overseeding are and why these lawn projects work so well together. Aeration is the process of de-compacting the soil in your yard by cutting small holes into it. Overseeding is a process for improving your yard by adding fresh grass seed to your existing lawn to thicken and revitalize your turfgrass.

While these are two separate techniques for improving your yard and lawn, when combined into a single weekend project, these two tasks work in harmony and can help improve the health of your grass for the next several years. The holes created by aeration allow grass seed and starter fertilizer to achieve better soil contact, which improves results.

Overseeding is the act of adding new grass seed into an existing patch of soil without turning it over and starting anew. It is a relatively easy method for filling in open spots in your lawn and achieving a fuller look.

Personally, I overseed my lawn once every years. While there are several reasons you may aerate a lawn , typically this project is to loosen soil and eliminate compaction.

Aeration breaks up layers of soil by cutting holes into your existing turf. This allows oxygen and water to flow into the soil and stimulates your grass to grow larger, more healthy root systems. Roots grow deeper in loose soil. This, in turn, makes the grass plant stronger and your lawn will be thicker and healthier as a result.

Core aeration is an ideal way to support your existing grass and build a lawn that boasts resilient grass. A healthy lawn will crowd out weeds naturally without reliance on harmful herbicides. While both aeration and overseeding are separate techniques to improve your lawn, they can and should be used together to create a rich, vibrant lawn. Overseeding immediately after core aeration allows excellent soil contact for your new grass seed as it falls into the holes you made in your turf.

This improves germination rate, and you simultaneously strengthen existing grass plants while thickening your lawn with healthy new seedlings. In most landscaping and gardening projects, timing is everything.

Where you live, and the type of grass you have in your yard will dictate when you should tackle these projects. This is because you want to give the grass time to grow and strengthen before harsher weather conditions arrive, so you want to aerate and overseed your lawn just before your grass has the ideal growing conditions. Those conditions largely depend on your geographic location and how seasonal changes affect your grass. If you live in a southern climate, your lawn is probably made up of warm-season grasses.

This is because warm-season grasses thrive and grow best during the heat of summer. By performing these lawn improvement projects in late spring your seedlings will be established just in time for their ideal growing conditions … and they can thrive and develop deep roots throughout the heat of summer.

If you live in a northern climate with four distinct seasons and snowfall over the winter, your lawn is likely made up of cool season grasses. These grasses thrive in the cooler months of the year Spring and Fall , and will typically struggle to maintain their green color during the dog days of summer.

For you, early spring an OK time or early fall the ideal time aeration and overseeding will deliver the best results, with early fall my recommendation. In spring your window for success is very narrow. Too early and the soil will be too cold for grass to germinate. Fall is best for cool season grasses because annual weeds have faded, soil temperatures are warm from the hot summer months, and the growing conditions are ideal cool, rainy.

By the time winter comes your lawn will be thick and healthy with strong roots, ready to perform well in the spring. If you are trying to bring your lawn back to life and want a fuller and healthier turf, you probably already know about overseeding. You cannot aerate your lawn properly without machinery, especially an existing large patch of turf. There are three different types of aeration machines available:. If you plan to overseed following aeration, I recommend that you mow your lawn pretty short prior to beginning these renovations.

This will prevent your existing grass from growing too tall too quickly and shading out your new seedlings. Once aeration is complete on an existing lawn, start overseeding within 48 hours and then water the lawn lightly to ensure good soil contact with your new seed.

During this time window, seed and fertilizer have a better chance of getting deeper into the aeration holes, which is what you want.

Preparation is almost as important as the overseeding itself. Mow your current lawn a little shorter than normal and remove any shavings left behind. Relative beginners to lawn management may find some challenges when aerating and overseeding their turf. In most instances, problems arise because of some simple mistakes. Below are the most common mistakes made when tackling an aeration and overseeding project, with tips on how to recognize and avoid them.

In many ways, your results will only be as good as the equipment you use. One common example is attempting to avoid buying or renting an aeration machine to prepare your lawn. Cheap alternatives include using a pitchfork could work for small areas or buying cleats with spikes on the bottom of them like these ones on Amazon.

Neither of these options does the job well, and could even make the soil worse by compacting your further. Do yourself a favor and rent a core aerator for 4 hours or for a day. Even if you choose the correct aeration machine, you may still not be able to operate it properly.

Your whole aeration and overseeding adventure will be over rather quickly unless you get familiar with the equipment you want to use. The most common type of aeration machine is a walk-behind, which may seem simple enough. However, because they are heavy to push you could end up missing some parts of the turf, or ripping apart your lawn when turning the machine.

Watch some online videos beforehand, and take the first pass with the machine over a part of your lawn that is the least visible from the street in case you make a mistake.

We have already covered the best time of the year to aerate and overseed your lawn, but some people will still do this project at the wrong time of year and be disappointed with the results. Harsh winters and hot summers will cause problems for seed growth if you overseed later than you should in the fall or spring. Unfortunately, those seeds you planted are not magical.

The good news is simply ensuring the soil covering the seeds is kept moist is a good start for driving growth. One of the most common mistakes when laying seed is to think normal lawn mowing can resume right away. This is especially true when overseeding, because your existing grass will keep growing and may grow faster with the extra water. Mow too early and the mower will just rip your young seedlings out of the soil and kill them.

I usually recommend that you avoid mowing the lawn for 2 to 4 weeks after overseeding. You want your seedlings not your existing grass to reach at least 3 inches in height. You should mow at about 2. Weeds are a problem and can cause a lot of damage to your lawn.

At some point, weed mitigation needs to be at the top of your to-do list. But that time is not right after aerating and overseeding. Whether you use chemical herbicides or organic solutions, weed management can damage growing seeds and new grass.

It takes some time after overseeding before you can tackle weeds again, usually around 4 or 5 mows. Pulling the occasional weed by hand should still be okay. But just live with any new weeds that grow during the days when your new grass is young and vulnerable.

You can address those problem areas later. Choosing the correct seed for your lawn is an art form. Shopping at a box store may be convenient, but a lot of that seed has been sitting there for years. When you buy seeds, the packet will tell you the seeding rate. This is a requirement and not a recommendation that helps you understand how much seed your lawn needs.

By following the guidelines, you can ensure an even spread that allows the seeds to grow in a healthy way. As I mentioned earlier in this article, I usually apply about 1.

I also use an online tool to measure my lawn square footage and get the seed quantity correct for my lawn. I've learned to love caring for my lawn naturally and enjoying it daily. On this blog I'll share some of my best tips and tutorials to help you make your lawn the best on the block!

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